Scheme on Kerala Agro Ecology Based Biodiversity Conservation
The Green Revolution increased agricultural production for many famers in India and achieved significant gains in terms of food security. However, many of the small-farm holders in rain-fed and resource poor areas did not benefit much from Green Revolution Technology. Most of the small –farm holders who have been using chemical fertilizers and pesticides, many are caught in the debt trap due to the high cost of chemical inputs, lack of credit, poor accessto markets, and lack of investible surplus, This has resulted in low profitability agriculture, Leading the smallholders to drop out of the sector.
Every year it is seen that farmers have to invest more money for cultivation. Reasons are high rate of seeds, water resources, fertilizers. These costs are gradually increasing, whereas the production levels are gradually decreasing.